If certain antibiotics have the potential to cause nephrotoxicity, why use them at all? In some cases, these drugs may be one of the only ways to treat an infection.
As the prevalence of AKI increases, so does the mounting personal and financial costs of this condition. The condition is associated with a tenfold increase in hospital mortality rates and a higher rate of chronic kidney disease among post-op patients.
Age-standardized rates of acute kidney injury hospitalizations increased by 139% (from 23.1 to 55.3 per 1,000 persons) among adults with diagnosed diabetes, and by 230% (from 3.5 to 11.7 per 1,000 persons) among those without diabetes.