Worldwide, acute gastroenteritis—defined as a rapid onset diarrheal disease with or without nausea, vomiting, fever, or abdominal pain—causes 1.34 million deaths in children under age five each year.
Almeida’s contributions to the field of virology are immeasurable. Besides her discovery of the coronavirus family, she pioneered and perfected multiple techniques that have resulted in huge strides in viral imaging and diagnosis.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that each year, norovirus leads to 400,000 emergency room visits and up to 800 deaths. It is also estimated that 1 in 14 children will visit an emergency room by the age of five, due to a norovirus infection.