The main determinants of AMR are antimicrobial resistant genes (ARGs) of bacteria and fungi, which have many ways of entering our bodies: through food, water, the air, exposure to surfaces, and so forth.
Over the past decade, bloodstream infections (BSI) caused by nontyphoidal Salmonella have killed approximately 650,000 people globally. Salmonella is also the most frequently isolated pathogen in hospitalized patients diagnosed with community-onset BSI in Africa and Asia.
As infectious diseases evolve, the medical community has been working to meet the challenge by updating and improving the tools we use to combat infections. Right now, biopharmaceutical research companies have 421 medicines and vaccines in development to treat or prevent fungal, bacterial, and viral infections.
As COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations, and deaths continue to increase, it’s important to know how to reduce your risk of becoming ill this holiday season. Holiday gatherings can be a great way to reconnect with friends and family, but this year you should consider how your holiday plans can be modified to reduce the spread of COVID-19.