It is estimated that one out of every twenty hospitalized patients will contract an HAI. These infections are a significant cause of illness and mortality, and are the source of serious economic consequences for the US health system each year.
Infectious disease outbreaks can spread quickly due to the cosmopolitan nature of the world, especially within disadvantaged subpopulations. By attending to social justice and reducing healthcare inequalities, we can help prevent the spread of infectious disease epidemics and reduce the burden of infection globally.
If geography truly is destiny, this saying was never more true than during the influenza pandemic of 1918. Where you lived often determined if you survived, with high fatality rates in large cities, overcrowded military bases, and the congested refugee camps that housed the displaced during World War 1.