The farthest-along candidates are a viral vector vaccine being tested by the University of Oxford and AstraZeneca, a repurposed vaccine, originally developed in the early 1900s for protection against tuberculosis, and a whole-virus vaccine being tested by the state-owned Chinese company Sinopharm.
The Global Sepsis Alliance has stated that COVID-19 can cause sepsis, the body’s overwhelming and life-threatening response to an infection that can lead to organ damage and death. In the U.S., one in three patients who die in a hospital die of sepsis. Many different types of infections can cause sepsis, but the most common cause is pneumonia.
When pathogens get past those preliminary defenses, your body mounts an immune response. Your innate immune system responds first and employs several types of cells and molecules to fight off pathogens, each with their own jobs.
One thing we can all do is take a moment to look back on and appreciate the evolution of hospitals in our country. Our hospitals have made enormous strides over the past century, and their care and expertise save millions of lives each year.