AMR has been identified as a major threat by the World Health Organization due to the lack of new antibiotics in the development pipeline and infections caused by multi-drug resistant pathogens becoming untreatable.
From 1404 to the middle of the 19th century, 31 flu epidemics were recorded, including eight large-scale pandemics, which killed millions of people and highlighted a need for international cooperation on public health. Cooperation began with the first International Sanitary Conference, held in 1851.
Last month, on September 26, 2019, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) passed a new rule titled, “Regulatory Provisions to Promote Program Efficiency, Transparency, and Burden Reduction; Fire Safety Requirements for Certain Dialysis Facilities; Hospital and Critical Access Hospital (CAH) Changes to Promote Innovation, Flexibility, and Improvement in Patient Care”. The rule is effectively three rules combined into one, impacting a variety of areas for U.S. healthcare providers that receive reimbursement from Medicare or Medicaid.